- only species with images listed
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Thomisidae (Typical Crab Spiders)
Biology: The Thomisidae is the sixth largest spider family of the world encompassing ca 2062 species in 7 subfamilies and 171 genera. They range in size from small to large (2-23 mm body size). Thomisids have sturdy, moderately depressed bodies and strong, laterigrade legs with legs I and II longer than III and IV in most subfamilies. They move around in a characteristic crab-like fashion being capable of walking sideways as well as forwards and backwards. There is a great diversity in colours and forms. Some more brightly coloured species are active during the day. They occupy blossoms or other parts of vegetation where they ambush prey, often pollinators much larger than themselves. Some species are even capable of changing colour over a period of hours to several days to match the colour of the flower petals in which they reside. Other ground and bark living species have markings in grey and brown giving excellent camouflage in these surroundings. Some Ozyptila species are covered by dirt making them very difficult to spot on the ground. They make no prey-catching webs and spin no retreats for moulting, oviposition, or wintering. The first two pairs of legs are used for grabbing the prey when it inattentively have become within grasp. Legs III and IV are provided with scopulae and help to anchor the spider to the substrate during the short struggle with the prey. Once bitten the prey dies within seconds due to the high potency of thomisid venom. Often there is a great disparity in size and colouration between males and females, the males usually being much smaller and darker than the females. The courtship involves the male touching the female in a way that makes her adopt a submissive posture. Females are frequently seen guarding their eggsack.
Characters of family: The thomisids belong to the group of araneomorph, ecribellate spider families having 8 eyes and 2 tarsal claws. The eyes are arranged in two recurved rows of four with the posterior row usually more curved than the anterior row. The median eyes are the smallest, the laterals on confluent tubercles, with the posterior laterals facing somewhat backwards. The secondary eyes are provided with tapetum. Thomisids belong to a morphologically very diverse family of spiders generally characterized by broad, moderately flattened carapace and abdomen. The carapace is about as long as wide being semicircular, ovoid or slightly elongated sometimes with protuberances. Usually, it is thinly covered by a few erect simple or clavate setae sometimes arising from warts. Most species have lateral bands on the carapace; sometimes the bands reach the edge. The sternum is heart-shaped. Chelicerae are relatively small and weak, adapted for quick kills by biting prey in the head. Cheliceral teeth are absent except in one subfamily. Sometimes there are small teeth (denticles) present on promargin. Endites and labium are frequently longer than wide. Legs I and II are longer and sturdier than legs III and IV. Legs articulate in plane of the body (laterigrade legs). The anterior legs are often provided with series of strong spines on tibia and metatarsi (e.g. Xysticus and Ozyptila). The abdomen is variable in shape and colour. It may be round, ovoid or elongate, nearly always widest at rear half. It is often covered by scattered simple setae or clavate hairs. Abdominal colours vary from bright hues of white, yellow, green, and pink to shades of grey and brown in obscure patterns. The anterior spinners are short and conical and situated close together. A colulus is present in front of the spinners. The tracheal spiracle is situated close to the spinners. The epigyne is small and weakly sclerotized in some species. The epigynes of Xysticus species can be highly variable in depth of sclerotization within the same species and females are therefore sometimes difficult to identify by examination of epigynes. The tibia of the male palp is provided with ventral and retrolateral apophyses. Embolus is often long and curved along the rim of the cymbium.
This family is represented in Europe with 192 species in 17 genera (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009). European genera (number of species in parenthesis): Bassaniana (1), Coriarachne (1), Cozyptila (3), Diaea (3), Ebrechtella (1), Firmicus (1), Heriaeus (8), Misumena (4), Monaeses (2), Oxysoma (1), Ozyptila (39), Pistius (1), Runcinia (1), Synema (7), Thomisus (9), Tmarus (7), Xysticus (103).
Genus: Coriarachne Thorell, 1870
Characters of genus: The species of this genus have the carapace and the abdomen very flat. The cervical groove is well indicated, and extends forward from the fovea as a v-shaped depression outlining the head from the thoraric region. Anterior eye row straight or slightly recurved.
There is 1 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Coriarachne depressa.
Coriarachne depressa (C. L. Koch, 1837)
Description: Male very similar to female, but darker. The body is brown except for some white wrinkles on the abdomen which converge towards the centre. The abdomen is only sligtly wider the the width of the carapace. The eye region is light-brown and contrasts to the much darker carapace. Size: 4-5 mm. Maturity: Spring and summer. Habitat: Under bark in mainly pine forests, more rarely under stones and in leaf litter. Range: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Mainland), Germany, Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Kaliningrad Region), Russia (Northern European), Russia (NW. European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Subadult male.
Juvenile.
Female.
Genus: Diaea Thorell, 1869
Characters of genus: Carapace with long forward-directed spines. The medial eyes form a rectangle slightly longer than broad. The abdomen is oval and dilated at rear, and with some coverage of long hairs.
There are 3 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Diaea dorsata, D. formosa (nomen dubium), D. livens.
Diaea dorsata (Fabricius, 1777)
Description: Diaea dorsata is beautifully coloured, having a brown abdomen with remaining body parts strikingly emerald green. The eyes are surrounded by white rings. Adult males have the carapace light brown, are overall somewhat darker but are rarely seen due to a short season. The unmistakably appearance makes it impossible to confuse it with any other species. Size: Female 5-6 mm; male 3-4 mm. Maturity: Summer. Habitat: Forests and forest edges. It occurs on the leaves and branches of deciduous and evergreen trees, but may also be swept from undergrowth and shrubs. Range: Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Kaliningrad Region), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Subadult male.
Subadult male.
Male.
Male.
Subadult male.
Subadult male.
Subadult female.
Genus: Ebrechtella Dahl, 1907
There is 1 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Ebrechtella tricuspidata.
Ebrechtella tricuspidata (Fabricius, 1775)
Range: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Genus: Heriaeus Simon, 1875
Characters of genus: The species of the Heriaeus genus are similar general appearance: green colour, long white hairs and white rings around the eyes.
There are 8 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Heriaeus delticus, H. graminicola, H. hirtus, H. horridus, H. melloteei, H. orientalis, H. setiger, H. simoni.
Heriaeus graminicola (Doleschall, 1852)
Range: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia (Central European)?, Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Female abdominal markings.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Heriaeus hirtus (Latreille, 1819)
Range: Bulgaria, Croatia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Slovakia, Spain (Mainland), Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Georgia (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Heriaeus melloteei Simon, 1886
Description: The three longitudinal white bands on the abdomen identify H. melloteei from the other two species. Just like another green crab spider, the much commoner Diaea dorsata, Heriaeus spiders are well-camouflaged foliage spiders where they ambush their prey. Size: Female 7-9 mm; male 4-5 mm. Maturity: Summer. Habitat: Grass vegetation and bushes. Range: Andorra, Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Greece (Crete), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Heriaeus simoni Kulczynski, 1903
Range: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Juvenile (uncertain id).
Juvenile (uncertain id).
Female.
Female.
Female abdominal markings (green colourform).
Female.
Old, white female guarding eggsack.
Female.
Female.
Genus: Misumena Latreille, 1804 - Flower crab spiders
Characters of genus: The carapace is almost without spines. The eyes are small with the medials forming a square. Lateral eyes on small confluent tubercles. The abdomen is triangular, but rounded at corners. It is widest at the rear, but this is less pronounced for the male. Legs I and II are much longer than legs III and IV. Legs I of the female have tibia and metatarsi furnished with paired robust spines. At least six pairs are present on the tibia and at least seven pairs are present on the metatarsi.
There are 4 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Misumena bicolor, M. nigromaculata, M. spinifera, M. vatia.
Misumena spinifera (Blackwall, 1862)
Range: Portugal (Madeira), Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Madeira, Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Subadult female.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Misumena vatia (Clerck, 1757) - Goldenrod Spider
Description: This species has a very distinct appearance, and cannot be mistaken for any other species in the region.Female carapace is white with olive green lateral bands or yellow with indistinct bands. The eye region is often yellow with small eyes. Legs of the same colour as the carapace. The abdomen is usually the same clour as the carapace with or without bright red dorsolateral bands. Juveniles are pale green. In the much smaller male the carapace is dark reddish-brown with a cream coloured median band. The eye region is light. Legs I and II are dark reddish-brown, except segments from the tibia and outwards which are annullated yellow/dark reddish-brown. Legs III and IV are uniform yellow. The abdomen is cream coloured with two dark reddish-brown median bands and two lateral bands. Size: Female 9-11 mm; male 3-4 mm. Maturity: Summer. Habitat: Flowers, primarily with yellow or white blooms. Range: Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Crete), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Kaliningrad Region), Russia (Northern European), Russia (NW. European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Holarctic (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Juvenile.
Genus: Monaeses Thorell, 1869
There are 2 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Monaeses israeliensis, M. paradoxus.
Monaeses israeliensis Levy, 1973
Range: Greece (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Greece, Turkey, Israel, Lebanon, Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Genus: Ozyptila Simon, 1864 - Leaflitter crab spiders
Biology: The species are ambush hunters found at ground-level amongst low vegetation, in leaf litter, detritus and in crevices in soil, rocks, wood, walls, sometimes also behind bark. At night they may be found higher up in the vegetation indicating a nocturnal lifestyle. They move around very slowly, and may play dead for a long time if disturbed. Some species are covered with dirt. The females attach their egg sacks under stones or other objects on the ground.
Characters of genus: The members of this genus have colours and markings that make them resemble species of the Xysticus genus. However, they differ by being smaller, by having the median ocular trapezium longer than broad and by having the head protruded from thorax so that the carapace appear less circular. In addition they have only two pairs of ventral spines on tibia I and II, and the body is clothed with clavate hairs. These break off fairly easily, and may therefore be lacking. In some species the setae are very small and difficult to see with a lens. The abdomen is without a folium but with spots and transverse bars. Femur I is often swollen on prolateral side. Legs III and IV are only slightly shorter than I and II. Males are usually darker than females and more compactly bodied. This is in contrast to most other spider species where males usually are more slender and long-legged compared to females.
There are 39 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Ozyptila arctica, O. atlantica, O. atomaria, O. baudueri (nomen dubium), O. bejarana, O. bicuspis, O. brevipes, O. claveata, O. confluens, O. danubiana, O. elegans, O. flava, O. fucata (nomen dubium), O. furcula, O. gertschi, O. inaequalis, O. ladina, O. leprieuri, O. lugubris, O. maculosa, O. nigristerna, O. pauxilla, O. perplexa, O. praticola, O. pullata, O. rauda, O. rigida, O. sanctuaria, O. scabricula, O. secreta, O. simplex, O. sincera, O. strandi, O. tenerifensis, O. tricoloripes, O. trux, O. trux devittata, O. umbraculorum, O. westringi.
Ozyptila atomaria (Panzer, 1801) - Greater leaflitter crab spider
Description: Ozyptila atomaria is one of the larger species in the genus. The male carapace is dark reddish brown with wide black submarginal bands. Dorsum of abdomen greyish brown with indistinct darker spots. Front and sides whitish. The tibial apophysis is blunt. The legs are reddish-brown. The clavate hairs on the carapace and abdomen are absent in males (very small in females). The female carapace is yellowish brown and the submarginal bands less distinct than i males. Dorsum of abdomen is light brown with only a few dark, scattered spots. The legs are light brown in the female. Size: Female 4.5-6.5 mm; male 3-4.5 mm. Maturity: All year. Habitat: At ground level, amongst leaf litter, detritus and moss, particularly in heathland, dry grassland, and coastal dunes. Range: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Faroe Islands, Finland, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Kaliningrad Region), Russia (Northern European), Russia (NW. European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Ozyptila brevipes (Hahn, 1826)
Description: A fairly small species. The female carapace is brown-dark brown, paler at sides. The central band is yellowish-brown. The abdomen is whitish with broken black transverse lines. A few clavate hairs is scattered on the abdomen. The male is darker and resemble O. praticola. Size: Female 3-4 mm; male 2-3 mm. Maturity: Summer and autumn. Habitat: At the basis of low vegetation and in moss and detritus. In Denmark I have recorded this species from both rich and poor fens, including damp depressions in coastal dunes. The species can be localised in Carex paniculata tussocks and in Myrica gale litter. In Europe also on chalk grassland. Range: Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Kaliningrad Region), Russia (NW. European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Ozyptila claveata (Walckenaer, 1837)
Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Slovakia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Ozyptila confluens (C. L. Koch, 1845)
Range: Bulgaria, Croatia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Macedonia, Romania (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Southern Europe, Syria (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Ozyptila perplexa Simon, 1875
Range: France (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, France, Algeria (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Ozyptila praticola (C. L. Koch, 1837)
Description: Small greyish-brown species, both sexes rather similar in colouration and markings. The carapace is dark brown with reddish or greyish-brown median band. Abdomen greyish-brown with brownish-black and whitish-yellow spots of varying size. Sternum highly characteristic, with a distinct pattern of yellow and brown. There is a brown spot or longitudinal line in the centre and there are brown spots opposite coxa of each leg I-III and one spot at posterior end. Size: Female 3-4 mm; male 2.5-3 mm. Maturity: Spring and summer. Habitat: Low vegetation, busher and trees (Under bark), sometimes also walls. Fairly common i gardens, parks,and especially coniferous forests. Range: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Northern European), Russia (NW. European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Holarctic (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Juvenile.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Ozyptila sanctuaria (O. P.-Cambridge, 1871)
Range: Belgium, Bulgaria, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Netherlands, Switzerland (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Female.
Male.
Male and subadult female. The male has attached himself to the female abdomen with silk threads.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male and subadult female.
Ozyptila scabricula (Westring, 1851)
Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Female.
Female abdomen. Note the club-shaped (clavate) hairs.
Lighter coloured male.
Subadult male.
Female.
Ozyptila trux (Blackwall, 1846) - Yellow leaflitter crab spider
Description: The male is darker in coloration than the female. The male carapace is brown with wide dark bands flanking the median area, which is widest posterior to the eyes. In addition, there are dark submarginal bands almost reaching the edge. The abdomen is brown with some darker blotches, an indistinct white cardiac mark, and some white transverse lines in posterior half. The female carapace is light yellowish brown with much narrower dark bands than the female and with the lateral bands sometimes absent. The abdomen is marked much like the male, but the colouration is lighter and dominated by light colours. Size: Female 4-5.5 mm; male 3.3-4 mm. Maturity: Males May and June, females throughout year. Habitat: Low vegetation, at ground level in leaf litter, detritus and moss in a variety of usually damp and partly shaded situations. Range: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Faroe Islands, Finland, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Kaliningrad Region), Russia (Northern European), Russia (NW. European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Canada, introduced) (Platnick 10.0).
Subadult male.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Subadult male.
Female.
Male.
Subadult male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Subadult male.
Genus: Pistius Simon, 1875
There is 1 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Pistius truncatus.
Pistius truncatus (Pallas, 1772)
Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Crete), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Moldova, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female abdominal markings.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Genus: Runcinia Simon, 1875
There is 1 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Runcinia grammica.
Runcinia grammica (C. L. Koch, 1837)
Range: Belarus, Bulgaria, Croatia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Malta, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic, St Helena, South Africa (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Juvenile.
Male.
Male.
Juvenile.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Genus: Synema Simon, 1864
Characters of genus: Carapace when viewed from in front strongly convex. Anterior lateral eyes larger than posterior laterals and on larger tubercles.
There are 7 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Synema globosum, S. globosum clarum, S. globosum flavum, S. globosum pulchellum, S. ornatum, S. plorator, S. utotchkini.
Synema globosum (Fabricius, 1775)
Description: The carapace is black and shiny except for the eye region which is brown. The abdomen with black blotch dorsally. Remaining parts are either yellow or orange. Male similar but smaller and darker. The species has an unmistakably appearance and cannot be mistaken for any other species in the region. Size: Female 6-8.5 mm; male 3-4 mm. Maturity: Summer. Habitat: On vegetation, including flowerheads in lightly grazed or unmowed meadows with tall vegetation, sometimes also bushes. Range: Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal (Madeira), Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Female.
Female.
Subadult female.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Subadult female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Subadult female.
Female.
Genus: Thomisus Walckenaer, 1805
Characters of genus: The abdomen is distinctly triangular, truncated at the widest point at the rear . The eyes sits on an anvil shaped protuberance.
There are 9 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Thomisus albus, T. citrinellus, T. cordiformis (nomen dubium), T. marginatus (nomen dubium), T. modestus, T. onustus, T. togatus (nomen dubium), T. trigonus, T. violaceus (nomen dubium).
Thomisus onustus Walckenaer, 1805
Description: The species is easily identified by the triangular abdomen and the protuberances that carry the lateral eyes. The colour of the female’s abdomen is either white, yellow or pink as in this image. Just like the better-known Misumena vatia the female is able to slowly change her colour to match the colour of the flower or flower heads where she waits for prey, such as pollinators. The male is much smaller and less variable in colour. Size: Female 6-7 mm; male 2.5-3.5 mm. Maturity: Summer. Habitat: Low vegetation with flowers such as meadows and heather. Range: Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia/Herzegowina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Juvenile.
Female.
Juvenile.
Juvenile.
Female.
Juvenile.
Juvenile.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Juvenile.
Male.
Genus: Tmarus Simon, 1875
There are 7 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Tmarus horvathi, T. piger, T. piochardi, T. punctatissimus, T. rimosus, T. staintoni, T. stellio.
Tmarus piger (Walckenaer, 1802)
Range: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Lithuania, Moldova, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Kaliningrad Region), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Juvenile.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Female.
Tmarus piochardi (Simon, 1866)
Range: Bulgaria, Croatia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Greece (Crete), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Mediterranean (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Genus: Xysticus C. L. Koch, 1835 - Ground crab spiders
Characters of genus: These spiders are medium sized and crablike. Most species are in various shades of brown and grey with patterns made of white and yellow blotches and bars. Males are often darker than females and with more vivid tints. The carapace is brownish with central whitish-yellow band enclosing a darker triangle behind the posterior eyes and pointing backwards. The carapace is armed with long black spines which are round, Hereby they differ from the related genus, Ozyptila which have short blunt or clavate spines. The median ocular trapezium forms almost a square or is slightly wider than long. The anterior lateral eyes are clearly larger than the rest, the lateral eyes of both rows on independent tubercles. The abdomen is wider at rear bearing a folium dorsally and usually with white blotches and transverse bars. The legs are short, stout and spiny. Most species ambush prey on low vegetation, while others are found in leaf litter, under stones and bark.
There are 103 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Xysticus abditus, X. absconditus (nomen dubium), X. acerbus, X. acerbus obscurior, X. aequalis (nomen dubium), X. albidus, X. albomaculatus, X. alpicola, X. apricus, X. arenarius, X. asper, X. audax, X. audax massanicus, X. bicolor, X. bifasciatus, X. bliteus, X. boesenbergi, X. bonneti, X. brevidentatus, X. britcheri, X. bufo, X. canadensis, X. canariensis, X. caperatus, X. caspicus, X. chippewa, X. clavulus, X. cor, X. corsicus, X. cribratus, X. cristatus, X. deichmanni, X. desidiosus, X. diversus, X. doriai, X. durus, X. edax, X. embriki, X. emertoni, X. erraticus, X. ferrugineus, X. ferus, X. fienae, X. fuerteventurensis, X. gallicus, X. gortanii, X. graecus, X. grallator, X. grohi, X. gymnocephalus, X. ibex, X. ibex dalmasi, X. kempeleni, X. kempeleni nigriceps, X. kochi, X. laetus, X. lalandei, X. lanio, X. lanio alpinus, X. lanzarotensis, X. lendli, X. lineatus, X. loeffleri, X. luctator, X. luctuosus, X. macedonicus, X. madeirensis, X. marmoratus, X. mongolicus, X. nigrotrivittatus, X. ninnii, X. ninnii fusciventris , X. nubilus, X. obesus, X. obscurus, X. ovatus, X. paniscus, X. parallelus, X. pinocorticalis, X. rectilineus, X. robustus, X. sabulosus, X. sardiniensis, X. secedens, X. semicarinatus, X. siciliensis, X. sjostedti, X. slovacus, X. spasskyi, X. squalidus, X. strandi, X. striatipes, X. tenebrosus, X. tenebrosus ochridensis, X. thessalicoides, X. thessalicus, X. tortuosus, X. tristrami, X. ulkan, X. ulmi, X. umbratilis (nomen dubium), X. verneaui, X. viduus, X. xerodermus.
Xysticus audax (Schrank, 1803)
Range: Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Crete), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Kaliningrad Region), Russia (Northern European), Russia (NW. European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female, spines on femur I.
Female.
Female abdominal markings.
Xysticus bifasciatus C. L. Koch, 1837
Description: This species and the very rare X. luctator are the largest members of the genus occurring in Denmark. The body size and the distinct pattern make it a striking and easily identified spider. Female resemble X. ulmi females but is larger with more bristles and the abdomen is pinkish with brown folium. The legs are robust with dark lines and spots, especially femora and tibia. The male is dark and is of the same size as females of most other species of the genus. The median band on the carapace encompass a brown area enclosed by distinct whitish-yellow lines. Legs I and II have dark femora and patella. Size: Female 7-10 mm; male 6-7 mm. Maturity: Males spring and early summer, females spring to early autumn. Habitat: On grass and under stones in warm, dry, sandy or chalk grassland. Range: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Northern European), Russia (NW. European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Exuvium.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Xysticus cor Canestrini, 1873
Range: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Macedonia, Portugal (Azores), Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Spain (Mainland), Switzerland (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Southern Europe, Azores (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Palp and epigyne.
Xysticus cristatus (Clerck, 1757) - Common ground crab spider
Description: The dark triangle on the carapace extends back about two thirds of the length of the carapace from the posterior row of eyes, and ends in a well-defined dark point. The female abdomen is very variable in colouration and markings. Male as female but smaller and darker. Size: Female 6-8 mm; male 3-5 mm. Maturity: Spring and summer. Habitat: Low vegeation and ground level in a variety of situations. Range: Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia/Herzegowina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Faroe Islands, Finland, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Kaliningrad Region), Russia (Northern European), Russia (NW. European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female with egg sack.
Xysticus desidiosus Simon, 1875
Range: Austria, Bulgaria, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Italy (Mainland), Liechtenstein, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Switzerland, Ukraine?, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Xysticus durus (Sørensen, 1898)
Range: Greenland (Masurik in prep.). Global range: USA, Canada, Greenland (Platnick 10.0).
Juvenile.
Juvenile.
Juvenile.
Xysticus erraticus (Blackwall, 1834)
Description: The pale median band on the female carapace is broad with its dark lateral stripes rather narrow and well-defined. The triangle enclosed by the median band is faint or lacking, however its borders are marked with fine whitish-yellow stripes. The abdomen is rather pale and the folium is light-brownish, sometimes reduced to spots.The male is much darker than the female, but the triangle of the median band is also bordered with whitish-yellow stripes. The male is also characterized by having legs I and II clearly darker than legs III and IV. Size: Female 6-8 mm; male 4-5 mm. Maturity: Males spring and summer, females spring to autumn. Habitat: On the base of low vegetation, typically in heath- and dry grassland. Range: Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Kaliningrad Region), Russia (Northern European), Russia (NW. European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe, Russia (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Male.
Male.
Xysticus kempeleni Thorell, 1872
Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia?, Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Xysticus kochi Thorell, 1872
Description: Similar to X. cristatus but the female is mor greyish-brown and the male is almost black. Size: Female 6-8 mm; male 4-5 mm. Maturity: Spring and summer. Habitat: Places with herbage and bushes such as meadows, gardens and parks. Males are sometimes seen crawling on walls in spring in which situation they can be very easy to spot. Range: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia/Herzegowina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Crete), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Kaliningrad Region), Russia (NW. European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe, Mediterranean to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Female.
female.
Female.
Female abdominal markings, light specimen.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Female, light specimen.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Xysticus lanio C. L. Koch, 1835
Range: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Northern European), Russia (NW. European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Subadult female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Subadult female.
Subadult female, abdominal markings.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Xysticus luctator L. Koch, 1870
Range: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (NW. European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female abdominal markings.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Xysticus luctuosus (Blackwall, 1836)
Range: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Kaliningrad Region), Russia (Northern European), Russia (NW. European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Holarctic (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Xysticus nubilus Simon, 1875
Range: France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Macedonia, Malta, Portugal (Azores), Portugal (Madeira), Portugal (Mainland), Slovenia?, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Mediterranean, Azores, Macronesia (Platnick 10.0).
Palp and epigyne.
Male.
Xysticus parallelus Simon, 1873
Range: France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Russia (Central European)?, Slovenia?, Spain (Mainland), Ukraine? (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Corsica, Sardinia (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Xysticus robustus (Hahn, 1832)
Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (NW. European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Female, sternum and epigyne.
Female abdominal markings.
Female.
Female.
Exuvium.
Female.
Female.
Xysticus sabulosus (Hahn, 1832)
Range: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia/Herzegowina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Northern European), Russia (NW. European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female abdominal markings (light specimen from Greece).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female abdominal markings (specimen from Greece).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Xysticus squalidus Simon, 1883
Range: Portugal (Madeira), Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is, Madeira (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Subadult male.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Xysticus tenebrosus Silhavy, 1944
Range: Bosnia/Herzegowina, Bulgaria, Greece (Crete), Greece (Mainland), Macedonia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: East Mediterranean (Platnick 10.0).
Female abdomen.
Female.
Female.
Female abdominal markings.
Female.
Female.
Xysticus tristrami (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)
Range: Cyprus?, Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Saudi Arabia to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Xysticus ulmi (Hahn, 1831)
Description: The triangle of the carapace and the abdomen are much more elongate in this species compared to the other members of the genus. Folium brownish with some whitish transverse lines posteriorly. Legs with fine spots. The male is darker than the female and the patella and femora of legs I and II are black. Size: Female 5-8 mm; male 4 mm. Maturity: Males spring and summer, females spring to autumn. Habitat: On low vegetation i damp places such as fens, moors, damp meadows etc. Range: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Kaliningrad Region), Russia (Northern European), Russia (NW. European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Male.
Female guarding eggsack.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Female.
Xysticus verneaui Simon, 1883
Range: Portugal (Madeira), Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is, Madeira (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Xysticus xerodermus Strand, 1913
Range: Greece (Dodecanese Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Turkey, Israel (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.