- filtered for Spain (Canary Islands)
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Salticidae (Jumping spiders)
Biology: The family is species rich with most species occurring in warmer parts of the world. Almost all species can be assigned to genus level on the basis of their general appearance. However, identifying the spiders to species level of some genera require microscopic examination.
Characters of family: Small to medium-sized, shortlegged spiders easily recognizable by the characteristic eyes arranged in three rows. The anterior row of eyes is situated on a more or less vertical face, the medians being very large, the laterals somewhat smaller and set higher on the head. The second row of eyes consists of two very small, often minute or vestigial eyes set further back on the head. The two eyes of the posterior row are about the same size as the anterior laterals, and are set about halfway back on the carapace at the edges of the head. The anterior medians are highly sophisticated providing acute vision used to leap accurately while moving around as well as capturing prey and escape efforts.
Genus: Aelurillus Simon, 1884
Characters of genus: The genus Aelurillus is separated from the remaining salticid genera by the following combination of characters: ocular trapezium appreciably broader than long, tarsi of legs I and II with dense scopolae, and legs IV longer than legs III. The latter character separates the genus from Phlegra which has legs IV shorter than legs III.
Aelurillus balearus Azarkina, 2006
Range: Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is, Balearic Is (Platnick 10.0).
Aelurillus lucasi Roewer, 1951
Range: Portugal (Selvagens Islands), Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is, Salvages (Platnick 10.0).
Juvenile.
Juvenile.
Juvenile.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Genus: Ballus C. L. Koch, 1850
Characters of genus: The carapace is rather flat with the highest point is just behind the eyes. The width of the posterior row of eyes is about 1.25 times the width of the anterior row.
Ballus chalybeius (Walckenaer, 1802)
Description: Small, compact spider with pale legs and characteristic leg annulations. The body is dark reddish-brown, rather thickly covered with pale yellow-brown hairs. There is a faint dark midline band on the abdomen with two likewise faint and dark transverse bands.Legs pale except for femora, patella and tibia og legs 1, which are partly or wholly darkened. The pale legs are furnished with some narrow, dark annulations which are very noticable in the field. The leg segments do not differ much in length. The male has legs I stouter than the rest. Size: Female 4.5-5 mm; male 3-4 mm. Maturity: May, June and July. Habitat: On the leaves of particularly oak trees on south facing slopes or forest edges. Range: Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Crete), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe, North Africa to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Subadult male.
Subadult male.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Genus: Bianor Peckham & Peckham, 1886
Bianor albobimaculatus (Lucas, 1846)
Range: France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Greece (Crete), Greece (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Portugal (Azores)?, Portugal (Mainland), Russia (Eastern European)?, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: South Africa, Mediterranean to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Bianor wunderlichi Logunov, 2001
Range: Portugal (Azores), Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is, Azores (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Chalcoscirtus Bertkau, 1880
Chalcoscirtus infimus (Simon, 1868)
Range: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Malta, Portugal (Azores), Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Southern European), Slovenia, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Southern, Central Europe to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Chalcoscirtus sublestus (Blackwall, 1867)
Range: Portugal (Madeira), Portugal (Selvagens Islands), Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Madeira (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Genus: Cyrba Simon, 1876
Cyrba algerina (Lucas, 1846)
Range: Bulgaria, Croatia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Malta, Portugal (Madeira), Portugal (Mainland), Portugal (Selvagens Islands), Romania, Russia (Eastern European)?, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland), Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Exuvium.
Juvenile.
Juvenile.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Genus: Euophrys C. L. Koch, 1834
Characters of genus: Spiders of this genus and the closely related genus Pseudoeuophrys have the combined length of patella and tibia of legs IV about 1.25 to 1.5 times longer than the combined length of these two segments on legs III. The species of the genus differ hereby form the former member Talavera aequipes, in which the combined lengths of patella and tibia is almost the same for legs III and IV. Unlike the genusNeon, the posterior row of eyes is situated in front of the middle of the carapace. The majority of the species are qiute colourful, especially the males have handsome markings making the easy to identify by general appearance alone.
Euophrys canariensis Denis, 1941
Range: Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Genus: Evarcha Simon, 1902
Characters of genus: Medium-sized, stout spiders with the sexes usually very different in general appearance. The members of the genus are also very different, especially the males. The total length of patella and tibia IV is about the same or only slightly longer than that of leg IIII in contrast to the genera Sitticus, Euophrys and other related genera,.
Evarcha eriki Wunderlich, 1987
Range: Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Genus: Hasarius Simon, 1871
Hasarius adansoni (Audouin, 1826)
Range: Belgium (introduced), Czech Republic, Denmark (introduced), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland) (introduced), Greece (Crete), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Sicily), Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Cosmopolitan (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Genus: Heliophanus C. L. Koch, 1833
Characters of genus: These are dark, blackish spiders, usually with metallic sheen in green, violet or coppery colours. Some species are furnished with white bands or spots on the abdomen composed of white squamose hairs. The palps of the females are ligth brown in contrast to the overall dark appearance of the spider. The male palps are dark but furnished with white squamose hairs on forward directed surfaces. Some species have legs in light yellow colours while other have dark legs with white squamose hairs.
Heliophanus agricoloides Wunderlich, 1987
Range: Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Subadult male.
Subadult male.
Heliophanus canariensis Wesolowska, 1986
Range: Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Heliophanus fuerteventurae Schmidt & Krause, 1996
Range: Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Macaroeris Wunderlich, 1992
Macaroeris albosignata Schmidt & Krause, 1996
Range: Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Macaroeris cata (Blackwall, 1867)
Range: Portugal (Azores), Portugal (Madeira), Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Madeira, Romania (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Macaroeris diligens (Blackwall, 1867)
Range: Portugal (Azores)?, Portugal (Madeira), Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Madeira, Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Female abdominal markings.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Palp.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Macaroeris litoralis Wunderlich, 1992
Range: Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Macaroeris moebi (Bösenberg, 1895)
Range: Portugal (Selvagens Islands), Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is, Salvages, Madeira, China (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Female.
Female.
Macaroeris nidicolens (Walckenaer, 1802)
Range: Austria, Belgium (introduced), Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Netherlands (introduced), Portugal (Madeira), Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female abdominal markings.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Genus: Menemerus Simon, 1868
Menemerus bivittatus (Dufour, 1831)
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Canary Islands) (introduced), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Pantropical (Platnick 10.0).
Menemerus dimidius (Schmidt, 1976)
Range: Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Menemerus semilimbatus (Hahn, 1829)
Range: Belarus, Bulgaria, Croatia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Portugal (Azores), Portugal (Madeira), Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Southern European), Slovenia, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland), Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is to Azerbaijan; Argentina (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Genus: Pellenes Simon, 1876
Pellenes geniculatus (Simon, 1868)
Range: Belgium (introduced), France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Greece (Crete), Greece (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Portugal (Selvagens Islands), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Southern Palearctic, Tanzania, introduced in Belgium (Platnick 10.0).
Pellenes nigrociliatus (Simon, 1875)
Range: Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Subadult female (id?, only Pellenes species known from La Gomera).
Subadult female (id?).
Subadult female (id?).
Genus: Phlegra Simon, 1876
Characters of genus: The genus is characterized by ocular trapezium nearly twice as broad as long, by tarsi I and II having scopulae and by legs IV shorter than legs III. One species occur in North Europe, including Denmark, with one further species in Central Europe.
Phlegra bresnieri (Lucas, 1846)
Range: Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Malta, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Slovenia, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Southern Europe to Azerbaijan, Ivory Coast, Tanzania (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Subadult female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Genus: Plexippus C. L. Koch, 1846
Plexippus paykulli (Audouin, 1826)
Range: Belgium (introduced), France (Mainland) (introduced), Greece (Crete), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Malta, Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Cosmopolitan (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female abdominal markings.
Female.
Genus: Salticus Latreille, 1804
Salticus alegranzaensis Wunderlich, 1995
Range: Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Salticus canariensis Wunderlich, 1987
Range: Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Salticus gomerensis Wunderlich, 1987
Range: Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Salticus ravus (Bösenberg, 1895)
Range: Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Thyene Simon, 1885
Thyene imperialis (Rossi, 1846)
Range: Croatia, France (Corsica), Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Old World (Platnick 10.0).
Juvenile.
Juvenile.
Juvenile.
Juvenile.
Juvenile.
Subadult male.
Subadult male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male abdominal markings.
Genus: Yllenus Simon, 1868
Yllenus gavdos Logunov & Marusik, 2003
Range: Greece (Crete), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is, Spain, Crete (Platnick 10.0).
Yllenus salsicola (Simon, 1937)
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Portugal (Mainland), Russia (Southern European), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France to Israel (Platnick 10.0).