- filtered for Russia (Central European)
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Miturgidae (Prowling Spiders)
Biology: This is a small family with only two European genera.
Genus: Cheiracanthium C. L. Koch, 1839 - Longlegged sac spiders
Characters of genus: The males of the genus resemble females but are slimmer and have longer chelicerae. The body colours are various hues of yellow, orange, brown and green. They are swift nocturnal hunters on foliage and surefooted due to dense claw tufts composed of many flattened setae.
Cheiracanthium elegans Thorell, 1875
Range: Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France (Mainland), Germany, Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Northern European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Cheiracanthium erraticum (Walckenaer, 1802)
Description: Light brown cephalothorax, sparsesly covered by thin light hairs. The abdomen has greyish sides and a wide ligth yellow median band enclosing a purple red median stripe. Legs are light brown. Males are smaller and slimmer than females, and with a clearer colouration. Retreats are built in the top of vegetation such as grasses and heather. The spider spend the daytime in the retreat which is also used for oviposition. Size: Female 7-8 mm; male 5-6 mm. Maturity: Males spring and early summer, females spring and summer. Habitat: Warm, mostly dry places with tall grasses and weeds or dwarf shrubs such as grass- and heathland. Range: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Azores), Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Kaliningrad Region), Russia (Northern European), Russia (NW. European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
This male was found in the female’s silken cell built in the top of a heather bush..
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female abdominal markings.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Cheiracanthium oncognathum Thorell, 1871
Range: Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Latvia, Macedonia, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Romania, Russia (Central European), Slovakia, Slovenia?, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe, Russia (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Cheiracanthium pennyi O. P.-Cambridge, 1873
Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Netherlands, Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (NW. European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male abdominal markings.
Male.
Male.
Cheiracanthium punctorium (Villers, 1789)
Range: Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Subadult male.
Cheiracanthium virescens (Sundevall, 1833)
Description: Ligth brown carapace and legs, sligtly greenish. Abdomen light greenish-brown without markings except for faint cardiac mark. The eggsacks are found under stones. The species is very similar to C. campestre in general appearance and microscopic examination of the genitialia is needed to separate the species. Cheiracanthium campestre is a very rare species in Denmark, but in some instances specimens may have been misidentified as C. virescens. Size: Female 5-9 mm; male 5-7 mm. Maturity: Spring and summer. Habitat: On vegetation or under stones in dry, sandy places such as dunes and coastal grassland. Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.