- filtered for Croatia
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Miturgidae (Prowling Spiders)
Biology: This is a small family with only two European genera.
Genus: Cheiracanthium C. L. Koch, 1839 - Longlegged sac spiders
Characters of genus: The males of the genus resemble females but are slimmer and have longer chelicerae. The body colours are various hues of yellow, orange, brown and green. They are swift nocturnal hunters on foliage and surefooted due to dense claw tufts composed of many flattened setae.
Cheiracanthium erraticum (Walckenaer, 1802)
Description: Light brown cephalothorax, sparsesly covered by thin light hairs. The abdomen has greyish sides and a wide ligth yellow median band enclosing a purple red median stripe. Legs are light brown. Males are smaller and slimmer than females, and with a clearer colouration. Retreats are built in the top of vegetation such as grasses and heather. The spider spend the daytime in the retreat which is also used for oviposition. Size: Female 7-8 mm; male 5-6 mm. Maturity: Males spring and early summer, females spring and summer. Habitat: Warm, mostly dry places with tall grasses and weeds or dwarf shrubs such as grass- and heathland. Range: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Azores), Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Kaliningrad Region), Russia (Northern European), Russia (NW. European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
This male was found in the female’s silken cell built in the top of a heather bush..
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female abdominal markings.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Cheiracanthium incognitum Kolosvary, 1933
Range: Croatia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: No data (Platnick 10.0).
Cheiracanthium mildei L. Koch, 1864
Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Portugal (Azores), Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia?, Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Holarctic, Argentina (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Cheiracanthium pelasgicum (C. L. Koch, 1837)
Range: Bulgaria, Croatia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Moldova, Portugal (Madeira), Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Southern European), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland), Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female abdominal markings.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Cheiracanthium seidlitzii L. Koch, 1864
Range: Bulgaria, Croatia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Portugal (Mainland), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia?, Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Mediterranean to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).