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Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Eresidae (Velvet Spiders)
Genus: Adonea Simon, 1873
Adonea fimbriata Simon, 1873
Range: Greece (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Mediterranean (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Eresus Walckenaer, 1805
Eresus albopictus Simon, 1873
Range: Italy (Sicily) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Morocco, Algeria (Platnick 10.0).
Eresus crassitibialis Wunderlich, 1987
Range: Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Male, palp.
Juvenile.
Juvenile.
Juvenile.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Subadult male, exuvium.
Subadult male.
Subadult male.
Subadult male.
Subadult male.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Eresus illustris C. L. Koch, 1837 (Nomen dubium)
Range: Hungary (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: possibly Hungary (Platnick 10.0).
Eresus kollari Rossi 1846
Range: Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Dorsal side of female abdomen.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male abdominal markings.
Male.
Prey-catching web made of cribellate silk.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female abdomen.
Female.
Male, abdominal markings.
Male.
Male.
Eresus kollari frontalis Latreille, 1819
Range: Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Eresus kollari ignicomus Simon, 1914
Range: France (Corsica) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Corsica (Platnick 10.0).
Eresus kollari tricolor Simon, 1873
Range: France (Corsica) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Corsica (Platnick 10.0).
Eresus moravicus Rezác, 2008
Range: Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Austria, Hungary, Czech Rep., Slovakia (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Eresus robustus Franganillo, 1918
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Eresus rotundiceps Simon, 1873
Range: Slovenia, Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Ukraine, Turkmenistan (Platnick 10.0).
Eresus ruficapillus C. L. Koch, 1846
Range: Croatia, Czech Republic, Greece (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Sicily, Croatia (Platnick 10.0).
Eresus sandaliatus (Martini & Goeze, 1778) - Ladybird Spider
Description: Compact, cribellate species living in vertical, tubular web extending 5-10 cm in to the ground with bluish or yellowish cribellate web extending from the upper end of the tube and serving as the prey catching part. It is the striking red colouration of the male's abdomen with the six black spots that has given the spider its common name, as the female is uniformly black. Size: Female 8-16 mm; male 6-11 mm. Habitat: Its colonies can be found in sandy spots between heather bushes usually on south facing slopes. The spider is rarely seen wandering, and the presence of a colony is only evident from the characteristic web, which often contains blue elytra of large beetles. The web extends in to the ground where the spider is well hidden to predators. Only rarely are males and juveniles seen wandering. Range: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Mainland), Netherlands, Sweden (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Web.
Female.
Male.
Male abdominal markings.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male abdominal markings.
Male.
Eresus sedilloti Simon, 1881
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Eresus solitarius Simon, 1873
Range: Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Mediterranean (Platnick 10.0).
Eresus walckenaeri Brull, 1832
Range: Bulgaria, Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Mediterranean (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female, front of abdomen.
Female.
Female, tarsal claw.
Female.
Juvenile female.
Juvenile female.
Juvenile female.
Juvenile female.
Juvenile female abdominal markings.
Juvenile female.
Female, epigyne in posterior view (hairs removed).
Female, epigyne.
Genus: Seothyra Purcell, 1903
Seothyra perelegans Simon, 1906
Range: France (Mainland) (introduced) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: South Africa (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Stegodyphus Simon, 1873
Stegodyphus lineatus (Latreille, 1817)
Range: Greece (Crete), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Tajikistan (Platnick 10.0).