- only species with images listed
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Eresidae (Velvet Spiders)
This family is represented in Europe with 19 species in 4 genera (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009). European genera (number of species in parenthesis): Adonea (1), Eresus (16), Seothyra (1), Stegodyphus (1).
Genus: Eresus Walckenaer, 1805
There are 16 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Eresus albopictus, E. crassitibialis, E. illustris (nomen dubium), E. kollari, E. kollari frontalis, E. kollari ignicomus, E. kollari tricolor, E. moravicus, E. robustus, E. rotundiceps, E. ruficapillus, E. sandaliatus, E. sedilloti, E. solitarius, E. walckenaeri.
Eresus crassitibialis Wunderlich, 1987
Range: Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Juvenile.
Female.
Male, palp.
Juvenile.
Juvenile.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Subadult male, exuvium.
Subadult male.
Subadult male.
Subadult male.
Female.
Female.
Subadult male.
Eresus kollari Rossi 1846
Range: Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Male abdominal markings.
Female.
Female.
Female abdomen.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Dorsal side of female abdomen.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Prey-catching web made of cribellate silk.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Male, abdominal markings.
Female.
Female.
Eresus moravicus Rezác, 2008
Range: Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Austria, Hungary, Czech Rep., Slovakia (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Eresus sandaliatus (Martini & Goeze, 1778) - Ladybird Spider
Description: Compact, cribellate species living in vertical, tubular web extending 5-10 cm in to the ground with bluish or yellowish cribellate web extending from the upper end of the tube and serving as the prey catching part. It is the striking red colouration of the male's abdomen with the six black spots that has given the spider its common name, as the female is uniformly black. Size: Female 8-16 mm; male 6-11 mm. Habitat: Its colonies can be found in sandy spots between heather bushes usually on south facing slopes. The spider is rarely seen wandering, and the presence of a colony is only evident from the characteristic web, which often contains blue elytra of large beetles. The web extends in to the ground where the spider is well hidden to predators. Only rarely are males and juveniles seen wandering. Range: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Mainland), Netherlands, Sweden (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Male abdominal markings.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Male.
Male.
Web.
Male.
Male.
Male abdominal markings.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Eresus sp.
Female.
Female, abdominal hairing.
Female, leg I.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Female.
Female.
Eresus walckenaeri Brull, 1832
Range: Bulgaria, Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Mediterranean (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female, epigyne.
Female, epigyne in posterior view (hairs removed).
Juvenile female.
Juvenile female abdominal markings.
Juvenile female.
Juvenile female.
Female.
Juvenile female.
Female.
Female, tarsal claw.
Female.
Female, front of abdomen.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Juvenile female.